Web. The Shoshone and Paiute should be able to determine what happens to the Yucca Mountain because of their treaty rights and well as because of their spiritual connection to the area (Corbin). The modern history of Yucca Mountain, the area of homeland for the Western Shoshone and Paiute Indian tribes, extends as far back as 1863 with the Treaty of Ruby Valley, which guaranteed the Western Shoshone tribe their continued rights over the land as it became incorporated into the United States, relinquishing only passage through the area. Conclusions 98 Notes 104 References Cited ill Appendix I : Native American Site Visit to Yucca I-1 Mountain, October 16-17, 1987 Appendix II: Yucca Mountain Project: Socioeconomic Data II-1 Appendix III: 1988 Modified Risk Perception Questionnaire III-1 Hopefully, sometime in the future, the sacred interests of the Western Shoshone and the Paiute tribes will enter into the conversation in a meaningful way. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. The Western Shoshone people have regarded Yucca Mountain as their homeland for thousands of years. New York: Harcourt, Brace, 1959. Sacred Films Project. Native American … The perfect quote that illustrated this lack of attention to the Shoshone and Paiute would be from Senator Lindsey Graham; “God made Yucca Mountain for the express purpose of storing high level nuclear waste. Therefore, various groups generated petitions and used storytelling to spread awareness of the issue as well as illustrated the battle of people and the environment against the government (Houston 422). There are more than 500 federally Recognized tribes within the USA. In a sense the people that wanted the continuation of the Yucca Mountain Project argued that the Yucca Mountain was already damaged and it would solve the problem of the nation’s highly dangerous chemical waste. The roots of young yucca plants were used for shampoo. Several tribes, including the Western Apaches on the Fort Apache Reservation in Arizona, use the plant today. Eliade, Mircea. This is one of three research reports regarding Native American cultural resources that may be affected by site characterization activities related to the Yucca Mountain high -level radioactive waste disposal facility. The moth bores into the ovary of the Yucca flower and deposits an egg inside. Learn about Native American tribes and leaders like Sitting Bull, Crazy Horse and Tecumseh, and events like the Trail of Tears, the French and Indian War and the Battle of the Little Bighorn. Appendix I : Native American Site Visit to Yucca I-1 Mountain, October 16-17, 1987 Appendix II: Yucca Mountain Project: Socioeconomic Data II-1 Appendix III: 1988 Modified Risk Perception Questionnaire III-1 Appendix IV: Project Bibliography IV-1 Maps: 1. To make Yucca shampoo, they would crush the root of the Yucca plant and mix it with water. This premonition could indicate geologically to the volcanic activity or nuclear leakage from the nuclear storage area underneath the mountain. 2010. They used nearly every part of the plants. Yucca helps to regenerate skin cells and gives therapy to skin that is exposed to not only the sun but also by chemical parabens that age you prematurely. To abandon now would mean to start from scratch. Thus this would affect the areas and habitat around the Yucca Mountain and those who drink from the water. Alltribes is much more than just a manufacturer, store and knowledge center. . Yucca Yucca for hair growth. Johansen, Bruce E. “IPEIE–Yucca Mountain: Nuclear Storage at the “Serpent Swimming, West”, by Bruce E. Johansen.” Yucca Mountain: Nuclear Storage at the “Serpent. The Navajo Nation is the largest American Indian reservation in the United States. You just need guidance and a step-by-step set of instructions. Ed Komenda. Called mountains, Yucca more resembles a long, sharp crested snake spine, spanning a large area and bordering both the Mojave Desert and the Great Basin Desert. Groups like Honor the Earth, founded by author and activist Winona LaDuke to promote cooperation between Native Americans and environmentalists, are trying to persuade tribes that availing their land to nuclear power and other toxic industries isn’t worth the potential long-term damage to the health of their citizens. However, while many supported the protest to band the nuclear project some were in full support and didn’t even recognize the sacredness of the site. Flags of Wisconsin tribes in the Wisconsin state capitol. According to Texas Trees – a Friendly Guide by Paul Cox and Patty Leslie, the trunks were used for stockades, and leaves, for thatching huts. From the teepees made by the Plains tribes to the adobe cliff houses once built by the Anasazi, Native American homes fit the needs of the tribe. “Yucca Mountain.” Sacred Land Film Project. Thus, it is important to further educate others on indigenous spiritual connection to the land so that both cultures can appreciate and better help each other. Native American healing includes beliefs and practices that combine religion, spirituality, herbal medicine, and rituals, that are used for both medical and emotional conditions. In the 1970s, scientists began to investigate areas for a potential nuclear storage area and the Yucca Mountain became a possible spot because of its dry climate that was thought to prevent chemical leakage (Corbin). Of these, 231 are located in Alaska. Plants provide food, medicine, shelter, dyes, fibers, oils, resins, gums, soaps, waxes, latex, tannins, and even contribute to the air we breathe. Crashed yucca roots were soaked in water and used as a wash. Zuni Indians use yucca to wash their newborns and help their hair grow strong and healthy. Thus, in order to stop further damage of the land, help was needed from outside groups. Over the next fourteen years, the United States government spent nearly 7 billion dollars researching Yucca Mountain’s potential as a nuclear waste repository designated to hold the radioactive waste for the next ten thousand years. This road bypassed the earlier path along Oatman Highway that passed by Cool Springs and Ed’s Camp, before making its way across Sitgreaves Pass to Gold Road, Oatman, and Golden Shores.. The Native American Navajo tribe is one of the largest tribes of American Indians. Other Native American groups used yucca soap to treat dandruff and hair loss. Swimming West” Greenwod Press, n.d. 1. However, the forces behind storing this waste, and all their money, persist. Over the years, the United States has failed to recognize their constant disruption of this region as a violation of rights or treaty. Clothing was normally made from deerskin and yucca plants. However, the coming of the Europeans and the removal of their land led to conflict both between the different tribes and between the Indians and whites. The Western Shoshone have awkwardly accepted allies from these people and environmental organizations, concerned with the effects that nuclear waste will have on the environment. Museum Mondays. Regionally, American Indian groups vary widely in their uses of spices as food flavorings; North American tribes have traditionally eaten food fresh and with minimal spices, whereas tribes throughout Mexico and Central America are known to have utilized … Yucca is a genus of perennial shrubs and trees in the family Asparagaceae, subfamily Agavoideae. OILS. One could argue that this nuclear testing only numbers among the many misdeeds the Unites States has committed against disadvantaged people, socially and economically. Native American Heroes and Legends. Such uses can still be found today among Hopi, Papago, and Ute Indians. Additionally, the Department of Energy had officially, in 2010, filed a notion to withdraw the license of the project at Yucca Mountain (Corbin). “Introduction.” The Sacred and the Profane; the Nature of Religion. Similarly, the Paiute consider their homeland on Spring Mountain, located just twenty-five miles south of the proposed site for the nuclear waste. Stoffle, Richard W., and Michael J. Evans. “Nuclear Waste…and Native Land.” Earth Island Journal 15.1 (2000): 34.EBSCOHost. Location of Principal Native American Populations in Southern Nevada 3a 2. Tour of Yucca Mountain.”Yucca Mountain Waste Repository.” Wikipedia. . According to the Advisory Council on Historic Preservation (ACOHP), formed by the National Historic Preservation Act, these resources can be defined as any property that has traditional value to the tribe in question. Hist… Also See: American Indian Tribes. The government is further digging into the wound by throwing America’s nuclear waste in the indigenous sacred “holy land” and thus only increasing the controversy between rights of the land and the sacredness of it. 3 Oct. 2014. Dramatic change came with the arrival of the first Europeans, more precisely the Spaniards during the 17th century. The yucca plant was used by several Native American tribes to encourage hair growth and to prevent baldness. There are 574 federally recognized tribes living within the US, about half of which are associated with Indian … Cherokee The Cherokee … Lakota Stories (audio): Albert, Loraine + Mike Littleboy Jr. Lakota Stories (video): Mike Littleboy, Sr. Foster Care Scandal for Lakota Children: NPR Reports, Lakota Pine Ridge Reservation: A TED talk by Aaron Huey. Other Native Americans soaked the plant in water and used it for hair dressing. Joshua Tree National Park was originally set aside as Joshua Tree National Monument, taking its name from the Joshua Tree, a tree Yucca (Yucca … No need for a $70 book, or a $40 download. Your email address will not be published. In result of the time and money spent People were becoming frustrated with the delays on the project because of the protest since thousands of deadly radioactive nuclear rods were accumulating at nuclear power plants (Davidson). The soap-like substance from inside the root was used to make soap and anti-dandruff shampoo. Web. Check out the answers to some of the most frequently asked questions by educators and students at the Smithsonian's National Museum of the American Indian. Numerous politicians have attempted to shut down the project, including President Barack Obama who attempted to limit the budget of the project. Native Knowledge 360° is the National Museum of the American Indian's national initiative to inspire and promote improvement of teaching and learning about American Indians. Native Hawaiians Aren’t counted as Native Americans from the US Census. “The Atomic Frontier: Atmospheric Testing in Nevada, The Two Sides.”, The Atomic Frontier: Atmospheric Testing in Nevada, The Two Sides Summer 2001. Tribes and Yucca Mountain: Native American forum on nuclear issues. 03 Oct. 2014. Some reservations are reporting … Diseases like measles, smallpox and the Spanish flu have decimated Native American communities ever since the arrival of the first European colonizers. The pulp was mixed with water and used for soap or shampoo. Sweet grass is another important member of the grass family used by Native Americans. Before horses they used dogs to pull sleds called travois. This was not the win that the Shoshone or Paiute desired. . Native Americans and Public Policy 755 proposed Yucca Mountain repository. It is extremely frustrating to the Shoshone and Paiute that the government will recognize their tribes as sovereign but will not recognize their traditional culture and rights to this land (Stoffle 758). Since the land technically belonged to the indigenous tribes of the area it is unjust that the US government now owns about 90% of their land (Corbin). The crushed roots were soaked in water to make a hair wash. Other methods involved peeling the bark of the root, which was rubbed in a pan of shallow water to make suds to rub into the hair and scalp. Sponsored Links Yucca was a very important plant to traditional Southwest Indian life. However, according to the Treaty of Ruby Valley the land had been limited to the Shoshone and Paiute but never yielded (Houston 426). Part of the conflict rests in whether DOE's actions at Yucca Mountain impinge on the right of Native Americans to gain access to sacred natural resources. The SARS-CoV-2 virus is novel, but pandemic threats to indigenous peoples are anything but new. 3 Oct. 2014. Learn more about the history and culture of Native … No attendance needed at a workshop or seminar. University of, Etchegaray, Julie. 21 October 2012; Tohono O’Odham Basket. However, it is really interesting to point that because of environmental issues the project was delayed and finally cancelled. The roots of the plant were peeled and ground to produce a sudsy pulp. More than 200 groups of indigenous and non-indigenous people joined forces to challenge the Yucca Mountain Project because of environmental issues (LaDuke). Home » Museum Mondays » yucca. Many believed that this project was going to solve the problem of nuclear waste and the project had already spent tremendous amount of money to develop the underground passages and 5-mile exploration tunnel (Davidson; Houston 424). In these mountains, they see their culture, their history, and their traditions. Description. Unfortunately, presenting the case of sacredness does not hold up in court for the environmental preservation of the mountain. New York: Harcourt, “Environmental Justice Case Study: The Yucca Mountain High-Level Nuclear Waste, Repository and the Western Shoshone.” University of Michigan. Houston, Donna. Required fields are marked *. Although you may think of ‘Native Americans’ as one people, historically there was never a unified group of 'Native Americans'. They are closely related to the Apache tribes. Nuclear Information and Resource Project, Oct. 2001. The Western Shoshone believe that the Yucca Mountain is a snake mountain and the rock rings developed on the mountain transmit prayers from the Great Spirit to the people (Corbin). American Indians recognized the value of native yuccas. Additionally, Indigenous people also wrote books to help connect the ecological and spiritual themes of the controversy and to spread awareness of their culture (Houston 422). and the Proposed Otter Creek Coal Mine, Fish Lake: Environmentalism as a Common Language, Hawaiian Land in Hawaiian Hands: Restoring Kaho’olawe, Miwok Artifacts Found in Larkspur, California, The Wallowa Band of Nimi’ipuu Return Home, Sacred Lands Project: Success After Death, Salmon as a Sacred Resource in the Klamath River, Snoqualmie Falls: Sacred Grounds Transformed by the Power of Technology, Sutter Buttes: The Middle Mountain Controvery, The Arizona Snowbowl: Flushing a Religion Down the Toilet, The Black Hills: Mount Rushmore versus Crazy Horse Memorial, The confluence of the Colorado River and the Little Colorado River: Escalade Development, The Effect of the Governmental Understanding of the Sacred on Tribal Relations, The Old Salt Woman: Zuni Salt Lake, New Mexico, Tongariro National Park, New Zealand; the Struggle to Protect Waahi Tapu, Tongariro National Park:The Implications of a Joint National Park and Sacred Site, Tsodilo Hills: The Invisible San Experience, Uluru from All Angles: The Modern Controversy of Climbing the Sacred, Valmont Butte: The Meeting of People, Valleys, Mountains, Rivers, Earth and Sky, Vatican Observatory VS San Carlos Apache Sacred Land, Ward Valley and the Sacred Desert Tortoise, Yucca Mountain and the Proposed Nuclear Waste Storage Site, “Get Up From the Armchair”: Applying Smith’s Academic Analysis of Ritual in Conjunction with Personal Experience, A Native American Church Birthday Ceremony: Critical Analysis of Spiritual Coincidences, An Exploration of Turner’s Ceremonial Framework, Ceremony Reflection: Music in Sweat Lodge, Combining Academic and Personal Interpretation. Mint can also help you relieve itchy skin. According to Laird (1976:122), "In prehuman times Nuvagantu was the home of Woif and his brother. Native American cultural resource studies at Yucca Mountain, Nevada. Other tribes, particularly in the Southwest, have retained their aboriginal traditions, mostly intact. The literature review has had two principal purposes: to determine the completeness of the Yucca Mountain Native American study design ( Stoffle, 1987) and to contribute to the under-standing of the presence of Native American people in the Yucca Mountain area. studies are based on interviews with Native American people. DOE is the government agency that is conducting the investigation of the Yucca Mountain Site. Map: Tribes located near Yucca Mountain Site. This report presents the Native American landscape and tribal concerns for both the Southern Paiute and Western Shoshone tribes as a culturally appropriate backdrop against which to view current development of the proposed repository at Yucca Mountain. Legend says that washing your hair with yucca shampoo makes the hair strands stronger and may even prevent baldness. The Apaches also use yucca leaf fibers to make dental floss and rope. The land still “belongs” to the government for nuclear weapon testing and is still not recognized as sacred to non-indigenous people. N.p., n.d. However, the land is sacred and the Indigenous tribes feel like they are spiritually responsible to protect and take care of the land (Stoffle 754). Most common Native American surnames. This meant that if chosen, Yucca Mountain would be the site of thousands of pounds of nuclear waste for the foreseeable future. THE PEOPLE WHO USED THE PARK: THEIR CULTURE AND HISTORY. “Environmental Justice Storytelling: Angels and Isotopes at Yucca Mountain, Nevada.” Antipode 45.2 (2013): 417-35. Daniel Mayer. The modern history of Yucca Mountain, the area of homeland for the Western Shoshone and Paiute Indian tribes, extends as far back as 1863 with the Treaty of Ruby Valley, which guaranteed the Western Shoshone tribe their continued rights over the land as it became incorporated into the United States, relinquishing only passage through the area. This irreversible harm would also fundamentally hurt the Shoshone spiritually since it greatly damaging the Nature of the Yucca Mountain. 3 .3 Native American Responses to Risk Perception Questionnaire 89 3 .4 Urban Las Vegas 93 4. Comparably, the Paiute believe that the land is a source of cultural and spiritual connection that nourishes the soul of their people (Stoffle 756). Among the Zuni people, the seed pods are boiled and used for food. Additionally, the Yucca Mountain does not carry earthly context, of it is a sacred snake that might potentially do harm if damaged. This agency has recognized the potential adverse impact of the test site on sacred Native American religious areas, and is committed to seeing that free religious exercise is protected (Stoffle, et al, 1992). Your email address will not be published. The State needs to look at policies that threaten the Tribes health and well-being and work to rectify those first.” ”The nuclear industry is using Native land and Native people as a loophole to keep their reactors running,” says Honor the Earth spokesperson Winona LaDuke. Native Americans protest Yucca Mountain Nuclear Waste site. The Native Americans, also Called American Indians, Indigenous Americans. Birney, Mt. The Tribe is not the enemy here, Private Fuel Storage is. Similarly to other Native American tribes, leather moccasins were a popular choice of footwear. Compiled by Kathy Weiser/Legends of America, updated January 2021. This issue will be further explained and illustrated by looking at the two opposing opinions—the sacredness or a prime area for nuclear storage—for the Yucca Mountain and the eventual outcome. Today there are 562 different tribes recognised by the USA, though there is likely to have been hundreds, if not thousands more throughout the history of the continent. Web. 8-19. Required fields are marked *. The literature review has had two principal purposes: to determine the completeness of the Yucca Mountain Native American study design and to contribute to the understanding of the presence of Native American people in the Yucca Mountain area. 3 Oct. 2014. It seemed like the they were more focused on fighting the environmental aspects of the opposition and did not even mention the Shoshone or Paiute fighting for their rights to the land because of its sacredness. All of our native Yucca species are obligate symbiotes with the moth Tegeticula yuccasella(1). Later, they wore clothes woven from the wool of sheep. The Yucca plant is and has been a multi-purpose plant for the Southern California and greater western Native American people for thousands of years. This land connects their people and, as a result, represents their struggle adapting to American ideology and the conflicts that arise in the combination of separate modes of thought. The crushed roots were soaked in water to make a hair wash. Corbin Harney, an elder with the Western Shoshone Tribe, beats a drum during a May 2002 tribal protest near the planned Yucca Mountain national nuclear waste dump. Toggle facets Limit your search Object name Making Native American Style Flutes from Yucca and Agave Stalks. One prominent environmental issue was that the surface water would become infected with the highly toxic nuclear waste as it flowed into the mountain (Corbin). And although the Yucca Mountain is safe for now, the damage of their sacred mountain still takes a devastating toll on the indigenous tribes in the area whom are trying to connect traditionally to their ancestors. Yucca Mountain. In 2002, President Bush signed a bill officially marking the Yucca Mountain as the nation’s central area for a nuclear waste deposit (Corbin). 3 Oct. 20014. LaDuke, Winona. In the … Tunnels have been carved into this sacred mountain, and waste has been stored. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Does the Lakota sweat ceremony provide a sense of place? Menu; Search Search … Home; About the Museum & Trails; Museum Mondays; Events & Programs; Projects & Opportunities; Shop; Links; Contact Us! Yucca was also used as … Web. Although they might not all understand the land ownership issue with this land, they do not want the waste to further contaminate their land, and possibly their groundwater. The land in this area remains to this day very isolated. There is nothing within the 100 miles of the place” (LaDuke). Print. Its 40–50 species are notable for their rosettes of evergreen, tough, sword-shaped leaves and large terminal panicles of white or whitish flowers.They are native to the hot and dry parts of the Americas and the Caribbean. For the most part the Native American tribes lived peaceably believing that nature was sacred and was to be shared. All you need to know to make your own Native American Style Flute from Yucca and Agave stalks. EBSCOHost. The United States still refused to recognize the cultural and historical value of this land, and have since continued plans to designate the land as a nuclear repository site. Web. A non-profit educational foundation created for the purpose of preserving Native American artifacts, art, and culture. Lakota Stories (audio): Albert, Loraine + Mike Littleboy Jr. Lakota Stories (video): Mike Littleboy, Sr. Foster Care Scandal for Lakota Children: NPR Reports, Lakota Pine Ridge Reservation: A TED talk by Aaron Huey. Native American tribes have long utilized spices for culinary, medicinal and ceremonial purposes. Experiences in the Sweat Lodge: Body Versus Mind, Melting: Uniting Ethics and Metaphysics through Embodied Ritual, Pine Ridge: The Three Stages of Liminality, Reflection and Analysis of My First Sweat Lodge, Religious Performance and Plural Reflection, Sacred Star Beings in Yuwipi: How Cultural Values Manifest in Ceremony and Living Beyond Analysis and Individuality, Sensory Performance and Collaborative Liminal Space, SMITH’S ACCIDENTS IN RITUAL: And A Case Study of the Lakota Tribe, Strong Emotions in the Lakota Sweat Lodge, Suffering Through Prayer: When Ceremony Models the Secular, Sweat Lodge as a Response to Suffering Examined Via Clifford Geertz’s Definition of Religion, Sweat Lodge Tension: The Ritualized Perfection, The Academic Approach to Understanding Sacred Ceremony, The Lakota Sweat Lodge: Integrating Theory and Experience, The Outside Perspective Against the Inside, The Power of Contradiction: Aligning the Ideal and the Actual through the Sweat Ceremony, Wisdom, Experience, and Bear Butte as a Sacred Model, Arts and Crafts of Indigenous Peoples in North America, Facebook Activism and Native American Religious Freedom in Prison, Indigenous Religions and Christianity: Acculturation and Assimilation–A summary, Lakota Crafts: Significance of Dream Catchers and Prayer Ties, Lakota Language: Art, Oral Tradition, and Language Structure, Learning Re-embodiment Through the Lakota Tradition, Manifesting Stories – Reflecting on the Web, Maps: An Exploration of Indigenous North American Cartography, Native Identity, Oppression, and Resistance, Paula Gunn Allen and the Feminine in Indigenous Traditions, Sacred and Medicinal Plants of Native America, The Sacred Hoop as inspiration for the feminist movement and myself, Virtual Scrapbook and Mike Littleboy Sr.’s Story. Yucca is a genus of perennial shrubs and trees in the family Asparagaceae, subfamily Agavoideae. The Yucca Bypass from Kingman to Topock, Arizona was a Route 66 alignment that was built through the area in 1952. Considering the isolation of the land and the extreme poverty of this Native American tribe, the Western Shoshone and the Paiute made an easy target. Leaves are made into brushes and used for decorating pottery, ceremonial masks, altars and other objects. In addition to our local Native American products, we offer distinguished wares, sourced from Native American tribes across the U.S. Navajo, Hopi, Zuni and other Native American artists provide one-of-a-kind items that we proudly offer to you, at direct to you prices! The most common use seems to be for hygiene. The roots of young yucca plants were used for shampoo. Corbin, Amy. This is a list of federally recognized tribes in the contiguous United States of America.There are also federally recognized Alaska Native tribes.As of 19 February 2020, 574 Indian tribes were legally recognized by the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) of the United States. The United States continue to seek resolution by offering to preserve some of the Native American land for the Western Shoshone people, but the tribe refuses to let the land go. Leaves are also soaked in water to soften them and made into rope by knotting them together. They believe “the Creator gave them a special supernatural responsibility to protect and manage the land and its resources” (Yucca Mountain Expose 6). Davidson, Keay. This issue presented itself with the controversy of the Yucca Mountain; while it was sacred to the Shoshone and Paiute, the Federal Government felt that the area was the best place to dump nuclear toxic waste. The capital city of the reservation is Window Rock, Arizona. Native tribes across the American West have been and continue to be subjected to significant amounts of radioactive and otherwise hazardous waste as … Yucca This plant was used by many tribes for preventing baldness and encouraging hair growth. Your email address will not be published. Web. Political leaders in the state have disapproved of this project from the beginning, but the federal government, specifically congress, has the power to override any veto from the governor of the state with a simple majority vote. The yucca plant was used by several Native American tribes to encourage hair growth and to prevent baldness. Your email address will not be published. It can calm irritated skin conditions as an antioxidant. Overall, in 2009 Barack Obama indicated that the Federal Government would begin to explore other options for storing the nuclear waste. The Western Shoshone and the Treaty of Ruby Valley. Reno Gazette-Journal. 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