This page was last edited on 27 January 2021, at 11:43. [30], Temperate broadleaf and mixed forests include a substantial component of trees in the Anthophyta. plural of wood; Noun . Uses of forest in English to denote any uninhabited and unenclosed area presently are considered archaic. [11] Forests provide ecosystem services to humans and serve as tourist attractions. In 1935 there was only 1,757,000 hectares of forest, today this has increased by more than 150%. The Old High German forst denoting "forest", Middle Low German vorst denoting "forest", Old English fyrhþ denoting "forest, woodland, game preserve, hunting ground" (English frith), and Old Norse fýri, denoting "coniferous forest", all of which derive from the Proto-Germanic *furhísa-, *furhíþija-, denoting "a fir-wood, coniferous forest", from the Proto-Indo-European *perkwu-, denoting "a coniferous or mountain forest, wooded height" all attest to the Frankish *forhist. The trees and other plants in a large densely wooded area. These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'forest.' ", "Woody encroachment decreases diversity across North American grasslands and savannas", "Cascading biodiversity and functional consequences of a global change–induced biome switch", "Managing riparian vegetation to sustain streamflow: results of paired catchment experiments in South Africa", "Native vegetation: cost of preservation in Australia", "Forests and emerging infectious diseases of humans", The Last Frontier Forests: Ecosystems and Economies on the Edge, "World deforestation slows down as more forests are better managed", "Global Forest Resources Assessment 2015", "Forestry in 2015 (only in Latvian) | Latvijas statistika", "Wildfires Ignite Forest Management Debate", – Conservation Cools the Planet, Forest area is land under natural or planted stands of trees of at least 5 meters in situ, whether productive or not, and excludes tree stands in agricultural production systems, "The World's 10 Most Threatened Forest Hotspots",, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2009, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Physiognomy classifies forests based on their overall physical structure or. [23] Archaeopteris was a plant that was both tree-like and fern-like, growing to 10 metres (33 ft) in height. [36][37] Forests may impose an economic burden,[38][39] diminish the enjoyment of natural areas,[40] reduce the food producing capacity of grazing land[41] and cultivated land,[42] reduce biodiversity[43][44] reduce available water for humans and wildlife,[45][46] harbour dangerous or destructive wildlife,[36][47] and act as reservoirs of human and livestock disease.[48][49]. Different global forest classification systems have been proposed, but none has gained universal acceptance. The Leshy (also Leshi; Russian: леший, IPA: [ˈlʲeʂɨj]; literally, "[he] from the forest", Polish: boruta, borowy, leśnik, leśniczy, lasowik, leszy) is a tutelary deity of the forests in Slavic mythology.The plural form in Russian is лешие, leshiye (retaining the stress on the first syllable). Rule 12: Collective nouns that represent a group of nouns are always plural noun in form. Of the six major world regions, South America has the highest share of forests in protected areas, at 31 percent. The shade, soil, and forest duff from the dropped fronds created the first forest. [51] In addition, ambitious tree planting programmes in countries such as China, India, the United States and Vietnam – combined with natural expansion of forests in some regions – have added more than seven million hectares of new forests annually. Forests can also be classified more specifically based on the climate and the dominant tree species present, resulting in numerous different forest types (e.g.. Some present classifications reserve woodland for denoting a locale with more open space between trees, and distinguish kinds of woodlands as open forests and closed forests premised on their crown covers. Birch is the most common tree at 28.2% followed by pine (26,9%), spruce (18.3%), grey alder (9.7%), aspen (8,0%), black alder (5.7%), oak/ash (1.2%) and finally hardwood making up the rest (2.0%). forests. As a general rule, forests dominated by angiosperms (broadleaf forests) are more species-rich than those dominated by gymnosperms (conifer, montane, or needleleaf forests), although exceptions exist. What made you want to look up forest? We slashed our way through the dense forest. Another word for Opposite of Meaning of Rhymes with Sentences with Find word forms Translate from English Translate to English Words With Friends Scrabble Crossword / Codeword Words starting with Words ending with Words containing exactly Words containing letters Pronounce Find conjugations Find names These are often created for human benefits; Attention Restoration Theory argues that spending time in nature reduces stress and improves health, while forest schools and kindergartens help young people to develop social as well as scientific skills in forests. To learn how to add open license text to Wikipedia articles, please see this how-to page. While its use as a synonym of forest and as a Latinate word denoting a woodland may be admitted, in a specific technical sense it is restricted to denoting the species of trees that comprise the woodlands of a region, as in its sense in the subject of silviculture. Text taken from The State of the World’s Forests 2020. The plural noun is forests. The management of forests is often referred to as forestry. [30], Forest plantations are generally intended for the production of timber and pulpwood. Most English noun plurals are formed just by adding an -(e)s: table → tables, glass → glasses. The plural possessive form is forests'.Example: The committee was formed to study the impact of our forests' land use. The plural form for the noun forest is forests. 1) The Plural form of apple is _____ a) apples b) apple 2) The singular form of boxes is _____ a) box b) boxes 3) The plural form of fish is _____ a) fish b) fishes 4) The plural form of balloon is _____ a) balloons b) balloon 5) How many buses do you see? Find more words! [31], Tropical dry forests are characteristic of areas in the tropics affected by seasonal drought. Thick forest stretched as far as the eye could see. The number of trees in the world, according to a 2015 estimate, is 3 trillion, of which 1.4 trillion are in the tropics or sub-tropics, 0.6 trillion in the temperate zones, and 0.7 trillion in the coniferous boreal forests. Old-growth forest contains mainly natural patterns of biodiversity in established seral patterns, and they contain mainly species native to the region and habitat. Forests can be classified in different ways and to different degrees of specificity. [23], Forests account for 75% of the gross primary productivity of the Earth's biosphere, and contain 80% of the Earth's plant biomass. Commonly mono-specific, planted with even spacing between the trees, and intensively managed, these forests are not generally important as habitat for native biodiversity. See the full definition for forest in the English Language Learners Dictionary, Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for forest, Nglish: Translation of forest for Spanish Speakers, Britannica English: Translation of forest for Arabic Speakers, Encyclopedia article about forest. However, the United States Forest Service estimates a net loss of about 2 million hectares (4,942,000 acres) between 1997 and 2020; this estimate includes conversion of forest land to other uses, including urban and suburban development, as well as afforestation and natural reversion of abandoned crop and pasture land to forest. Forest is being cleared to make way for new farming land. Forest ecosystems can be found in all regions capable of sustaining tree growth, at altitudes up to the tree line, except where natural fire frequency or other disturbance is too high, or where the environment has been altered by human activity. "Our company owns 20 forest locations across the country." ), a different classification of forest vegetation structure is often used: tree, shrub, herb and moss layers, see stratification (vegetation). The Waldhufendorf ("forest village"; plural: -dörfer) is a form of rural settlement established in areas of forest clearing with the farms arranged in a series along a road or stream, like beads on a chain. [25], While deforestation is taking place in some areas, new forests are being established through natural expansion or deliberate efforts in others. (uncountable) The art and practice of planting and growing trees in forests. Dense collection of trees covering a relatively large area, This article is about a community of trees. Higher elevation areas tend to support forests similar to those at higher latitudes, and amount of precipitation also affects forest composition. [7] More than half of the world’s forests are found in only five countries (Brazil, Canada, China, Russian Federation and United States of America). How to use forestry in a sentence. UNESCO's forest and woodland 'subformations'). It remains subject to a wide margin of error, not least because the samples are mainly from Europe and North America. Why is "internet" a proper noun? Test your vocabulary with our 10-question quiz! The precise origin of Medieval Latin foresta is obscure. See more ideas about singular and plural nouns, plural nouns, singular and plural. He warned her never to enter the forest at night. Find more words! Net primary production is estimated at 21.9 gigatonnes carbon per year for tropical forests, 8.1 for temperate forests, and 2.6 for boreal forests.[7]. The total biomass has decreased slightly since 1990 but biomass per unit area has increased.[24]. Forest ecologists concentrate on forest patterns and processes, usually with the aim of elucidating cause-and-effect relationships. The estimate is about eight times higher than previous estimates, and is based on tree densities measured on over 400,000 plots. Answer. Dictionary definition. A savanna is a mixed woodland grassland ecosystem characterized by the trees being sufficiently widely spaced so that the canopy does not close. The open canopy allows sufficient light to reach the ground to support an unbroken herbaceous layer consisting primarily of grasses. Sometimes we have to change letters, such as ‘y’ to ‘i’ as in baby → babies before adding on the -(e)s plural. Some areas covered with trees are legally defined as agricultural areas, e.g. FOREST, noun. Anthropogenic factors that can affect forests include logging, urban sprawl, human-caused forest fires, acid rain, invasive species, and the slash and burn practices of swidden agriculture or shifting cultivation. [8], Forests account for 75% of the gross primary production of the Earth's biosphere, and contain 80% of the Earth's plant biomass. woods pl (usually in the plural, sometimes in the singular) A dense collection of trees covering a relatively small area; smaller than a forest. in reference to various types of forestries or a collection of forestries. They include such forest types as the mixed deciduous forests of the United States and their counterparts in China and Japan, the broadleaf evergreen rainforests of Japan, Chile and Tasmania, the sclerophyllous forests of Australia, central Chile, the Mediterranean and California, and the southern beech Nothofagus forests of Chile and New Zealand. These woods are near a field. However, in more specific contexts, the plural form can also be forestries e.g. Slippery Words Quiz—Changing with the Times. The plural form of forest fire is forest fires . A forest is an area of land dominated by trees. Another distinction is whether the forests are composed predominantly of broadleaf trees, coniferous (needle-leaved) trees, or mixed. a large stretch of virgin forest less fertile soils or less predictable drought regimes, the proportion of evergreen species increases and the forests are characterised as "sclerophyllous". [23] The shed organic matter altered the freshwater environment, slowing it down and providing food. (singular) Several forests once covered this entire region. Tropical rainforests and boreal coniferous forests are the least fragmented, whereas subtropical dry forest and temperate oceanic forests are among the most fragmented. By December 2006, over 1,237,000 square kilometres of forest land in Canada (about half the global total) had been certified as being sustainably managed. There are also many natural factors that can cause changes in forests over time including forest fires, insects, diseases, weather, competition between species, etc. This article incorporates text from a free content work. [6], Forests are the dominant terrestrial ecosystem of Earth, and are distributed around the globe. The noun form of forest is countable, eg "There are many forests in France". Lynx definition is - any of several wildcats with relatively long legs, a short stubby tail, mottled coat, and usually tufted ears that are thought to comprise a distinct genus (Lynx) of the cat family or to be part of a genus (Felis) that includes the domestic cat and cougar: such as. Archaeopteris was deciduous, dropping its fronds onto the forest floor. For example, a forest may be defined as any land that is used primarily for production of timber. [25] Most forest habitats in temperate regions support relatively few animal and plant species and species that tend to have large geographical distributions, while the montane forests of Africa, South America and Southeast Asia and lowland forests of Australia, coastal Brazil, the Caribbean islands Central America and insular Southeast Asia have many species with small geographical distributions. Canada has about 4,020,000 square kilometres (1,550,000 sq mi) of forest land. For other uses, see, tropical and subtropical coniferous forests, Special Report on Global Warming of 1.5 °C, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, consultation with local communities and other stakeholders, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, List of trees and shrubs by taxonomic family, Tropical and subtropical coniferous forests, Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests, License statement/permission on Wikimedia Commons, "Compilation of Forestry Terms and Definitions", "Definitions: Indicative definitions taken from the Report of the ad hoc technical expert group on forest biological diversity", "The Structure, Distribution, and Biomass of the World's Forests", "Forest Resources Assessment Working Paper 180", "Broadsheet: The News Letter for Broadland Tree Wardens", Sylva, or A Discourse of Forest-Trees and the Propagation of Timber in His Majesty's Dominions, "Beyond deforestation: restoring forests and ecosystem services on degraded lands", "How many trees does it take to produce oxygen for one person? Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 License statement/permission on Wikimedia Commons. They got lost in the forest. Examples: We took a walk in the forest. In more general, commonly used, contexts, the plural form will also be forestry. Under such a land use definition, cleared roads or infrastructure within an area used for forestry, or areas within the region that have been cleared by harvesting, disease or fire are still considered forests even if they contain no trees. Forests are often home to many animal and plant species, and biomass per unit area is high compared to other vegetation communities. Seasonal tropical forests, perhaps the best description for the colloquial term "jungle", typically range from the rainforest zone 10 degrees north or south of the equator, to the Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn. Alternative forms []. [29][30], The net loss of forest area has decreased substantially since 1990, but the world is not on track to meet the target of the United Nations Strategic Plan for Forests to increase forest area by 3 percent by 2030. Forest definition: A forest is a large area where trees grow close together. Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible). In 1997, the World Resources Institute recorded that only 20% of the world's original forests remained in large intact tracts of undisturbed forest. Rule 13: In a similar way, Some nouns are always in singular noun form even though they have ‘s’ at their end. Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 License statement/permission on Wikimedia Commons. Latvia's forests have been steadily increasing over the years which is in contrast to many other nations, mostly due to the forestation of land not used for agriculture. According to FAO's Global Forest Resources Assessment 2020, an estimated 420 million hectares of forest has been lost worldwide through deforestation since 1990, but the rate of forest loss has declined substantially. FOREST, noun. 13th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1, Middle English, from Anglo-French, from Late Latin forestis (silva) unenclosed (woodland), from Latin foris outside — more at forum. Accessed 27 Jan. 2021. [19] The Norman rulers of England introduced the word as a legal term, as seen in Latin texts such as the Magna Carta, to denote uncultivated land that was legally designated for hunting by feudal nobility (see Royal Forest).[19][20]. How to use forest in a sentence. Did You Know? Canopy definition, a covering, usually of fabric, supported on poles or suspended above a bed, throne, exalted personage, or sacred object. Some authorities claim the word derives from the Late Latin phrase forestam silvam, denoting "the outer wood"; others claim the word is a latinisation of the Frankish *forhist, denoting "forest, wooded country", and was assimilated to "forestam silvam" pursuant to the common practice of Frankish scribes. plural of forest; Verb . About eight percent of Canada's forest is legally protected from resource development. Almost half the forest area (49 percent) is relatively intact, while 9 percent is found in fragments with little or no connectivity. [25] Areas with dense human populations and intense agricultural land use, such as Europe, parts of Bangladesh, China, India and North America, are less intact in terms of their biodiversity.