He was a peerless hero, a pious and God-fearing king and verily a manifestation of all the virtues of a born leader of men described in our ancient scriptures. Designed by the British architect F.W. The main structure is built from a blend of India sandstone and limestone, while high-quality Italian marble was used for the key decorative elements. Ornate, imposing, and grand — Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus in Mumbai, India, is more than just a train station. It was designed by the British architect F.W Stevens and built during the year of 1878 to 1888. This happened only weeks after Bombay was renamed Mumbai by the Shiv Sena-Bhartiya Janata Party–led state government in Maharashtra. In March 1996 the station's name was changed to "Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus" (with station code CST) after Shivaji, the 17th-century warrior chieftain who employed guerrilla tactics to contest the declining Mughal Empire and found a new state in the western Marathi-speaking regions of the Deccan Plateau. [27] Internally, the ceiling of the booking hall was originally painted blue, gold and strong red on a ground of rich blue with gold stars. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (officially Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus) (station code: CSTM (mainline)[3]/ST (suburban)), also known by its former name Victoria Terminus (station code: BBVT/VT[4]), is a historic terminal train station and UNESCO World Heritage Site in Mumbai, Maharashtra, India. The 133-year old station sees three million people pass through it daily. It was built to replace Bori Bunder, the terminus of the Great Indian Peninsula Railway from 1853 to 1888, and was named Victoria Terminus to commemorate the Golden Jubilee of Queen Victoria. (To learn about the important milestones in the history of Victoria Terminus, see also the interview with Jim Masselos.) It is crowned by a high central dome, which acts as the focal point. [1] Stevens earned the commission to construct the station after a masterpiece watercolour sketch by draughtsman Axel Haig. Rome2rio is a door-to-door travel information and booking engine, helping you get to and from any location in the world. The main structure is made of sandstone and limestone, and the interiors of the station are lined with premium quality Italian marble. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (CST), formerly known, Victoria Terminus, is a modern yet archaic railway station in the bustling capital city of Maharashtra - Mumbai. In addition to the 18 railway lines, the CST is also home to the main headquarters, the Star Chamber, grotesques and the North Wing. The facility has 58 beds for men and 20 for women. Victoria Terminus was officially renamed Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus in 1996, but it is still common to hear a snappy “VT return” at ticket counters across the city. https://www.gosahin.com/places-to-visit/chhatrapati-shivaji-maharaj-terminus Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus is a historic railway station in the city of Mumbai, India. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus Decorated with Lights (Source) All Photos of Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus . Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus, also known by its former name Victoria Terminus, is a historic railway station and a UNESCO World Heritage Site … Other articles where Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus is discussed: Mumbai: City layout: …still stand today—most notably the Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (formerly Victoria Terminus), the city’s main train station and headquarters of India’s Central Railway company. The history behind the construction of the “Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus”: This magnificent terminus as seen today was constructed in the year 1887 in Bori Bundar in the city of Mumbai. The façades present the appearance of well-proportioned rows of windows and arches. Shivaji is one of the greatest national saviours who emancipated our society and our Hindu dharma when they were faced with the threat of total destruction. The skyline, turrets, pointed arches, and eccentric ground plan are close to classical Indian palace architecture. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus; Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (officially Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus) (station code: CSTM /ST ()), also known by its former name Victoria Terminus (station code: BBVT/VT), is a historic terminal train station and UNESCO World Heritage Site in Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.. Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus, a UNESCO World Heritage Site and also a historic railway station serving as the headquarters of Central Railways of India, is a spectacular structure of Mumbai. This happened only weeks after Bombay was renamed Mumbai by the Shiv Sena-Bhartiya Janata Party–led state government in Maharashtra. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (CST), formerly Victoria Terminus (VT), is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and an historic railway station in Mumbai Maharashtra, India which serves as the headquarters of the Central Railways.Designed by Frederick William Stevens with influences from Victorian Italianate Gothic Revival architecture and traditional Mughal buildings, the station … [18], CSMT has a total of 18 platforms—seven platforms are for suburban EMU trains and eleven platforms (Platform 8 to Platform 18) are for long-distance trains. A Right to Information report was filed, but had no records of the missing statue being exported out of India. The station has been renamed several times. 58x48 cm frame with high quality RA4 print made In Australia (other products available) - Imposing monument of Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus Mumbai. During its construction, a marble statue of Queen Victoria was installed in the main façade of the building, in a canopy under the clock. The Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus, formerly known as Victoria Terminus Station, in Mumbai, is an outstanding example of Victorian Gothic Revival architecture in India, blended with themes deriving from Indian traditional architecture. The structure represents the heart of the mercantile facet of the city and also symbolizes the British Commonwealth. The terminus was designed by British born … The station's name was changed to Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (station code CST) in March 1996 to honour Shivaji, the 17th-century founder of the Maratha Empire, whose name is often preceded by Chhatrapati, a royal title. Stevens, the structure became a symbol of Bombay (Mumbai). [1] The design has been compared to George Gilbert Scott's 1873 St Pancras railway station in London, also in an exuberant Italian Gothic style, but it is far closer to[1][15] Scott's second prize winning entry for Berlin's parliament building, exhibited in London in 1875, which featured numerous towers and turrets, and a large central ribbed dome. The founder of the Maratha Kingdom, Shivaji was born to be a natural leader and fighter on 19th February, 1630 in the prestigious Shivneri Fort. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus, Mumbai (CST), formerly Victoria Terminus (VT), Bombay, is a colonial railway station built in late nineteenth century India at the height of imperialism. The Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus was formerly known as Victoria Terminus. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (CST), formerly known as Victoria Terminus (VT), is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and a historic railway station located in the heart of, © Unknown/WikiCommons | © Rajarshi MITRA/Flickr. Historical Places in Maharashtra For A Time-Travelling Experience. The main interiors are also decorated: the ground floor of the North Wing, known as the Star Chamber, which is still used as the booking office, is embellished with Italian marble and polished Indian blue stone. [21][22], On 26 November 2008, two terrorists entered the passenger hall of the CST, opened fire and threw grenades at people. The terminus is the headquarters of India's Central Railway. Its construction began in 1878, in a location south of the old Bori Bunder railway station,[5] and was completed in 1887, the year marking 50 years of Queen Victoria's rule, the building being named, Victoria Terminus. [16] The style of the station is also similar to other public buildings of the 1870s in Bombay, such as the Elphinstone College but especially the buildings of Bombay University, also designed by G G Scott. The CCTV evidence was used to identify and indict Kasab. In the past, ‘Bori Bandar’ station, located in Eastern Mumbai, was the main station for all commercial and trade activities in the city. Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus, formerly known as Victoria Terminus, is a historic railway station and a UNESCO World Heritage Site in Mumbai, Maharashtra, India (32331353506).jpg 4,032 × 3,024; 2.08 MB The entrance gates to Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus carry two columns, which are crowned – one with a lion (representing Great Britain) and the other with a tiger (representing India). Page 1 of 4 - About 36 essays. CSMT's dome of dovetailed ribs, built without centering, was considered as a novel achievement of the era. In Mumbai: City layout …still stand today—most notably the Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (formerly Victoria Terminus), the city’s main train station and headquarters of India’s Central Railway company. Rajdhani, Duronto, Garib Rath and Tejas Express leave from Platform No. The centrally domed office structure has a 330-foot-long platform connected to a 1,200-foot-long train shed, and its outline provides the skeleton plan for the building. Declared as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO on 2nd July 2004, Victoria Terminus is Mumbai's historical landmark and also one of the top tourist places in Mumbai City. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (CST) is a UNESCO World Heritage Site of Maharashtra, and a historic railway terminus. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus, Mumbai Formerly known as Victoria Terminus, Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus has a long history since its establishment in 1887, witnessing Indian’s long history of being colonized by British. Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Vastu Sangrahalaya Mumbai, houses 50,000 exhibits of ancient Indian history. [23] In 2010, Kasab was sentenced to death for his role in the attack, and in 2012 he was hanged. However, the terminus was functional even before it was completely built as the first train that left this place was during 1853. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (CST) is popular railway station and is a spitting image of Victorian-Gothic style of architecture in India. The dome is an octagonal ribbed structure with a colossal female figure symbolizing Progress, holding a torch pointing upwards in her right hand and a spoked wheel in her left hand. Work began in 1878. Historical Places in Maharashtra For A Time-Travelling Experience. It has a C-shaped plan which is symmetrical on an east–west axis. The city got the sobriquet of ‘Gothic City’ due to this magnificent building’s architectural style. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus, Mumbai Formerly known as Victoria Terminus, Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus has a long history since its establishment in 1887, witnessing Indian’s long history of being colonized by British. Find all the transport options for your trip from Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus … A photo of Victoria Terminus from 1910. Stevens, the structure became a symbol of Bombay (Mumbai). 18. Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus, also known by its former name Victoria Terminus, is a historic railway station and a UNESCO World Heritage Site … (Photo: Bhushan Koyande/HT) art culture Insider’s guide to… A view of Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus before the lights were turned off to mark Earth Hour on March 19. A view of Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus before the lights were turned off to mark Earth Hour on March 19. The attacks began around 21:30 when the two men entered the passenger hall and opened fire,[23][24] The attackers killed 58 people and injured 104 others,[24] their assault ending at about 22:45 after they exited the station via the North FOB towards the west to Cama hospital back entrance. The terminus was designed by British born architectural engineer Frederick William Stevens, in an exuberant Italian Gothic style. [31], Historic terminal train station in Mumbai, India, Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus in July 2019, Bombay Gothic by Christopher W London 2002 India Book House PVT Ltd, Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (formerly Victoria Terminus), Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus railway station, File:India Mumbai Victor Grigas 2011-15.jpg, "From VT to CST: Interesting facts about Mumbai's busiest railway station", "Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (formerly Victoria Terminus)", "Mumbai travellers, CST is now Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus", "Mumbai Railway station renamed to Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus", "3 witnesses identify Kasab, court takes on record CCTV footage", "Ajmal Kasab hanged at Yerwada Jail in Pune at 7:30 am", "6 dead, 31 injured as 'Kasab bridge' in Mumbai collapses", "Mumbai CSTM Station – 24 Train Departures CR/Central Zone – Railway Enquiry", "Dormitories for women at CST, LTT get good response", Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Vastu Sangrahalaya, Brihanmumbai Electric Supply and Transport (BEST), Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport, Indian Institute of Technology - Bombay (IIT-B), Veermata Jijabai Technological Institute (VJTI), Institute of Chemical Technology (formerly UDCT), Jamnalal Bajaj Institute of Management Studies (JBIMS), SP Jain Institute of Management and Research, Sydenham Institute of Management Studies, Research and Entrepreneurship Education(SIMSREE), Ramniranjan Anandilal Podar College of Commerce and Economics, V. G. Vaze College of Arts, Science and Commerce, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR), Centre for Excellence in Basic Sciences (UM-DAE CBS), Brihanmumbai Electric Supply and Transport, Nanda Devi and Valley of Flowers National Parks, Victorian and Art Deco Ensemble of Mumbai, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Chhatrapati_Shivaji_Terminus&oldid=1001357742, Rebuilt buildings and structures in India, Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Infobox mapframe without OSM relation ID on Wikidata, Articles using Infobox station with markup inside name, Articles using Infobox station with links or images inside name, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus (official). History . It is not just a railway station. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus—1996 More than 100 yea rs after it was built, in 1996, Victoria Terminus was renamed Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus after the Maratha warrior king Shivaji (1627/30–1680). The complete construction of the building took ten years, which was the longest time taken by any building of that era in Bombay. The station was built in 1887. Maharashtrians celebrate this day as Shiv Jayanti or Shivaji Jayanti with great enthusiasm till date.. Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj, img credits The early life of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Did you know? Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (CST), formerly known as Victoria Terminus (VT), is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and a historic railway station located in the heart of Mumbai. Rome2rio makes travelling from Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus to Tirupati easy. [6][7][8] During the 18th-century the state was expanded by the Peshwas to extend over many interior regions of India as the Maratha Confederacy,[9] or the Maratha Empire. In December 2016, the Modi Ministry passed a resolution to change the name to Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus in the Maharashtra Assembly and in May 2017, the home ministry officially sent a letter to the state government denoting the name change, following which the station was yet again renamed as the Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus. [18] The symbol of Progress, another statue, featured on the top of the dome, is often mistaken for that of Queen Victoria. Officially renamed as Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus in 1998, it is still popularly known as VT (Victoria Terminus). In the 1850s, the Great Indian Peninsular Railway operated in this area, which gave it the name ‘Bori Bandar,’ starting its first rail service covering a total distance of 34 kilometers to Thane. Its walls were lined with glazed tiles made by Maw & Co of Britain. 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